Cuando consiga artículos y material gráfico interesante pero que no tengo tiempo de poner en su totalidad, traducir, o discutir en profundidad, pondré enlaces a ellos, con algún comentario como en estos casos.

· · · ALIMENTOS · · ·
Es decir, cultivar caña de azúcar Uruguay, para combustible sería inmoral y maligno.
Sin embargo, opino (agl) que la cantidad es tan pequeña y los beneficios (empleos, tecnología, cierta producción eléctrica por el bagazo) mayores que los inconvenientes. Por otra parte el azúcar o sea la sacarosa de la caña de azúcar no es un buen alimento para las personas; produce obesidad y diabetes y pica los dientes. Mejor hacer algo de combustible y que el precio del nefasto azúcar sea alto.

Darling [Ministro de Finanzas, UK] calls for urgent review of biofuel policies
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/apr/13/biofuels.energy
Alistair Darling has demanded an urgent review of international biofuel programmes as part of a plan to tackle the world’s mounting food crisis. The Chancellor said he had asked the World Bank to produce an analysis – for June’s G7 meeting of global leaders – on the impact of green policies, including America and Europe’s biofuel programmes, on global food shortages.

‘This is an urgent problem,’ said Darling, who was speaking in Washington at a meeting of G7 leaders. ‘People across the world will say, «Why didn’t you see this coming?» when it is staring us in the face. We have got to take action.’
He added: ‘It would be a profound mistake if we get into a situation where we are growing corn that is essential for feeding people and converting it into fuel. That is not sustainable.’

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Hasta en Canadá empiezan a preocuparse por la comida
Canada: The spectre of hunger
http://torontosun.com/Money/2008/04/13/5272181-sun.html
It’s bad enough some cash-strapped families are forced to remortgage just to keep up with skyrocketing energy prices.
If you think $1.14 a litre at the pumps is gouging — just wait for summer.
But Lord help the lowly consumer if our new crisis, a global food shortage, hits home.

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En India atacan a los acaparadores. Esto es absolutamente inútil y lo demuestra la historia: cuando los americanos en la Segunda Guerra Mundial invadieron Italia, en Nápoles los acaparadores y estraperlistas se aprovechaban de la situación. Los americanos intentaron pararlo a su manera usual: al que agarraban lo fusilaban.
Tuvieron que parar, o iban a fusilar a todos los italianos. La avaricia humana es superior al miedo a la muerte.

Delhi govt. cracks down hard against hoarders
http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/000200804131653.htm
Cracking down on hoarders and black-marketeers, the Delhi Government has conducted raids in the capital and recovered huge stock of edible oils, pulses and cereals along with confiscating a whopping 2.5 lakh quintals of rice from a godown in Narela.

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Los hindúes cultivan Jatropha, una planta sudamericana que da aceite para diesel. Crece en los peores terrenos y en Brasil y algún país caribeño se empieza a explotar. También en Brasil explotan ya el ricino, una planta venenosa pero de semilla aceitosa, y también el árbol de keroseno; un árbol brasilero asombroso, que da diesel directamente.
India: No food grain use for bio-fuel production
http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/no-food-grain-use-for-bio-fuel-production-pm_10037507.html
On Board Air India Special Aircraft, April 13 (IANS) India may be talking to Brazil over bio-fuel production for fuel sustainability, but Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is clear that his country, facing a food shortage, will not copy the South American nation to make ethanol from edible plants. According to Vilasrao Muttemwar, the minister for non-conventional energy accompanying President Pratibha Patil on her visit to Brazil, Mexico and Chile, Manmohan Singh has said that food grains should not be used to make bio-fuel in India. [Estas declaraciones tienen poca credibilidad ya que el gobierno indio tiene poco respeto por su gente. ]

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Indudablemente los uruguayos, a quienes les sobra la comida y además barata, como es sabido y angustiados ante esta situación, van a montar ONGs y enviar gratis de su grano, carne, arroz, soja, pescado y alfajores, ¡GRATIS TOTAL EH! A los pobres del mundo entero para darles de comer y sentir esa satisfacción moral.
¿Ah, no? ¿Vosotros a vender lo vuestro y a cobrar bien y el que no tenga se muera?
Y entonces porqué criticáis a Europa, EE.UU., el Fondo Monetario, etc. Manga de cínicos.
Para que os avergonzéis: España es uno de los países del mundo que más ayuda a los países pobres. A Bolivia, por ejemplo.

As food costs climb, so do the number of starving people around the world
http://www.kansascity.com/105/story/573223.html
Blame Australian drought. Blame the shrinking dollar. Blame ethanol. Blame $100-a-barrel oil and $3-plus gasoline. Blame China for finding prosperity. Blame India, too. Blame humankind for liking the taste of meat.

Whatever’s to blame, it’s the world’s poor who go hungry.
The number of hungry poor on the planet had stabilized in recent years. But soaring costs for food, and for shipping it to the starving, form the basis of a burgeoning global food shortage.

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Tranquilos los de BanglaDesh que ya llegan barcos uruguayos cargados de arroz, REGALADO.
Poor go hungry while rich fill their tanks
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2008/apr/11/worldbank.fooddrinks1
· IMF meeting World Bank condemns dash to biofuels
· Call for extra £250m in aid to grow more food
Rocketing global food prices are causing acute problems of hunger and malnutrition in poor countries and have put back the fight against poverty by seven years, the World Bank said yesterday.

Robert Zoellick, the Bank’s president, called on rich countries to commit an extra $500m (£250m) immediately to the World Food Programme, and sign up to what he called a «New Deal for global food policy».
Zoellick said: «In the US and Europe over the last year we have been focusing on the prices of gasoline at the pumps. While many worry about filling their gas tanks, many others around the world are struggling to fill their stomachs. And it’s getting more and more difficult every day.»
He said the price of wheat had risen by 120% in the past year, more than doubling the cost of a loaf of bread. Rice prices were up by 75% in just two months. On average, the Bank calculates that food prices have risen by 83% in the past three years.

«In Bangladesh a 2kg bag of rice now consumes almost half of the daily income of a poor family. With little margin for survival, rising prices too often means fewer meals,» he said. Poor people in Yemen were now spending more than a quarter of their income on bread. «This is not just about meals forgone today, or about increasing social unrest, it is about lost learning potential for children and adults in the future, stunted intellectual and physical growth. Even more, we estimate that the effect of this food crisis on poverty reduction worldwide is in the order of seven lost years.»

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Una semana de problemas y los yankis se lían a balazos, garantido.
How Far is the US From Food Shortages and Food Riots?
http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2008/04/12/18492403.php
As one retired grain salesman noted, most of the nation’s grain is moved around the country by just TWO railroads. Little is stored in the event of disaster and the whole system is extremely vulnerable. While we in the United States look at the food riots in other countries with a sense of disbelief, we are not immune. Under the right circumstances, we could be in the same boat.

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Haití: Malthus.
After Protests, Haitian Leader Announces Rice Subsidies

Responding to violent street protests against rising food prices that ground Haiti to a halt over the last week, President René Préval announced subsidies on Saturday that he said would cut the cost of rice by more than 15 percent.

haitiano come hierba

But the emergency move was not enough to stop Haitian senators from voting to remove Mr. Préval’s prime minister, Jacques-Édouard Alexis, who has been blamed for handling the struggling economy ineptly.

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Hawaii ya no es viable. antes de cinco años tres de cada cuatro en las islas huirán a tierra firme.
Is sun setting on Hawaii’s future?
http://starbulletin.com/2008/04/13/editorial/borreca.html
For 25 percent of adults, the first sign of heart disease is sudden death from a heart attack.

For isolated economies, the first sign that you have flamed out might be that the planes stop flying to your airport on a regular basis.

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· · · PETRÓLEO, GAS, CARBÓN, TRANSPORTE · · ·
** Obviamente que los árabes guarden petróleo para el futuro y de sus hijos nos hace subir el precio, ahora.
Digo: que está bien para ellos: y el que no pueda pagar se morirá.

Saudi King says keeping some oil finds for future
http://www.forbes.com/reuters/feeds/reuters/2008/04/13/2008-04-13T114657Z_01_L1396877_RTRIDST_0_SAUDI-OIL.html
Saudi Arabia – RIYADH (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah said he had ordered some new oil discoveries left untapped to preserve oil wealth in the world’s top exporter for future generations, the official Saudi Press Agency (SPA) reported.

«I keep no secret from you that when there were some new finds, I told them, ‘no, leave it in the ground, with grace from god, our children need it’,» King Abdullah said in remarks made late on Saturday, SPA said.

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** No pueden producir más, así venden menos y el precio arriba.
Saudi cuts output
http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/Story.asp?Article=214240&Sn=BUSI&IssueID=31023
LONDON: Saudi Arabia, the world’s top oil exporter, has trimmed its output to about nine million barrels per day (bpd), a Saudi oil source said yesterday.
The level is slightly lower than the 9.2m bpd that Saudi Arabia had been producing until now and reflects lower customer demand, the source said.

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** Esto que les pasa a los camioneros ingleses ya, les va a pasar a los norteamericanos inmediatamente y al resto del mundo en un abrir y cerrar de ojos.
UK: Crushed on the road to oil armageddon
http://www.sundayherald.com/business/businessnews/display.var.2192910.0.crushed_on_the_road_to_oil_armageddon.php
ANOTHER WEEK, another set of dire omens and fears for the UK haulage industry. Last week it was the turn of Unite, Britain’s largest trade union to warn that unless the government implements an essential users’ rebate on diesel tax, small companies will go bust and employees will lose out on wages.

With the industry reeling over the price of diesel and the massive amount of tax commercial users have to pay, Ron Webb, Unite’s national secretary for road transport, said: «The government needs to listen to the trade associations. Unless they introduce a method of returning some of the tax to road haulage companies they will simply not be able to continue to operate. Not only will small companies go bust but larger companies are informing us across the bargaining table that unless they see a change soon it will mean lower wages for employees.»

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En USA las carreteras ya no las pueden reparar
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24048382
A few months ago the Georgia DOT was asking the public for suggestions on how to keep costs down… guess that didn’t work out:
Georgia’s department of transportation owes the federal government $1.2 billion more than expected because it has overspent on projects to reduce congestion around Atlanta, authorities said on Thursday.

To start working down this additional $1.2 billion, the department plans to reduce construction plans for fiscal year 2009 to $1.2 billion from a figure normally in excess of $2 billion, said department spokesman David Spear.

«Our costs have escalated astoundingly including inflation, competitive costs and the price of fuel,» he said, adding that one road resurfacing project south of Atlanta cost $212 million and was 60 percent over budget.

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No llegan barcos de gas licuado a Canadá
Scary stuff!
Is LNG flame burning out?
http://www.thestar.com/Business/article/413800
The National Energy Board, at the same time it announced an anticipated 15 per cent decline in domestic natural gas production between 2007 and 2009, confidently asserted last October that over the long term, «Canadians should rest assured» that their natural gas needs will be met as unconventional sources, including LNG, enter the market.

The LNG ship isn’t arriving on continental shores as first hoped, and initial enthusiasm over the prospect of LNG is, in some corners, beginning to fade. Critics say the fuel is difficult to secure, expensive to get, and in some circumstances not much cleaner than generating power from coal.

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Hoy el polo norte, mañana el polo sur.
La rebatiña por el Ártico Muy interesantes fotos.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/gallery/2008/apr/05/poles.endangeredhabitats

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Gran Bretaña, sin duda la potencia científica de Europa, encuentra una solución a los biocombustibles.
Vamos a tener combustible en GB. Lo de comer está en duda … Tendremos que comer hierba como el haitiano de la foto

Biofuel potential for commercially grown grass
By Charles Clover, Environment Editor
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2008/04/11/eabiogas111.xml
Commercially grown grasses – sown by farmers instead of less productive natural grasses – could produce more fuel per acre than wheat or oil seed rape and roughly the same as sugar beet, according to scientists from the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research.

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· · · EL MUNDO DE MAD MAX · · ·

More than 200 dead as battle rages in Baghdad
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/iraq/article3736223.ece
THE toll from fierce fighting in Baghdad’s Sadr City has risen to at least 200 dead and more than 1,000 injured, according to doctors in the besieged suburb.

The reports from Sadr City hospitals suggest far higher casualty figures than previously reported, although they cannot be independently verified. Dr Qassem Mudalal, the director of the Imam Ali hospital, said: “There are 230 killed, I can confirm, in the hospitals of Sadr City. I’ve been living in the hospital for two weeks.

An American convoy was struck by at least 10 roadside bombs while moving in to support Iraqi soldiers setting up a checkpoint in the west of the city, the US military reported.

There was no sign of a cessation of hostilities between al-Sadr and Nouri al-Maliki, the Iraqi prime minister. “Children, women and old men have been injured and killed and there are no ambulances,” said Um Ali, a housewife, by telephone from her home in Sadr City. “The hospitals have no first-aid supplies and there are so few doctors.”

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Mad Max, en Irak
Notables fotos de trabajo en una refinería en Irak
http://35.181.69.170/mad-max-en-irak/#more-559

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· · · PARA SABER MÁS · · ·
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Peak Oil, en inglés
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peak_Oil

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Pico de Hubbert, en Castellano
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teor%C3%ADa_del_pico_de_Hubbert
«Un creciente número de expertos creen que el pico de producción, de hecho, ya ha llegado. Después del huracán Katrina, Arabia Saudita admitió que no puede incrementar su producción para atenuar la crisis por las pérdidas en la producción y el refino sufridas en la zona del Golfo de México. Muchos piensan que estamos ante el inicio de la crisis definitiva del petróleo. Definitiva porque será la última y la que obligará a efectuar los mayores ajustes y recortes en su consumo como nunca antes se ha hecho.

Pero la crisis no se limita sólo al petróleo. El gas natural también está en las últimas en muchos lugares y su pico de producción no sucederá mucho después que el del petróleo. Aun así, cabe esperar que a falta de esos recursos se inicie la explotación de los depósitos de metano en vetas de carbón.»

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El artículo en Francés tiene otras gráficas y es muy diferente
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pic_p%C3%A9trolier
El artículo en francés tiene enlaces a otros artículos de geopolítica de petróleo y en general un análisis social de tema del agotamiento de recursos energéticos fósiles. El artículo principal en inglés es más superficial; el artículo en castellano es una traducción del inglés pero aporta otros datos y otras fotografías y gráficas. A G L

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Ölfördermaximum
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peak-Oil
Un análisis técnicamente superior a los otros tres, pero en alemán, un idioma que pocas personas entienden.

Por Armando

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