¿Uds se creían que se les ocurrió a ellos, El País Del No Se Puede?

Uruguay rompe esquemas con su esquema de legalización de la marihuana. Sólo un ingenuo, un desconocedor total del Uruguay y de los uruguayos y del Frente Amplio se puede creer que tuvieron ellos esta buena idea. Lo siento imberbes, acá sabemos, acá batimos la justa. Esto tuvo su origen hace un par de años, cuando Mujica asumió la presidencia, y Hilary Clinton fue allá. Fue allá, la Secretary of State a dar órdenes, o qué. Luego de las palabras protocolarias de rigor frente a los periodistas, y la viva de Hilary decir que estaba muy contenta de hablar con Topolansky, que era esposa de presidente tal como lo había sido ella, y muchas sonrisas, fueron estas dos políticas y se encerraron a solas. Hilary, Ministra de Estado, y Lucía Topolansky, la senadora más votada de la lista más votada, lo que según las leyes la hace cabeza del Senado, y substituyó al Presidente y al Vice Presidente Astori en cierta ocasión que estaban de viaje. Y no pasó nada. Así que estas dos personalidades se encerraron juntas, -y sus ayudantes- y Hilary le pasó diversas órdenes y mandatos, le hizo diversas promesas y sugerencias, y oferta de ayudas.  Agua de mayo, para estos desesperados gobernantes de un país muy pobre. Recuerden y ténganlo en cuenta: un país Uruguay con standard de vida 9 veces inferior al de España, 2006. Una de las órdenes, o recomendaciones, de Hilary fue que Uruguay organizara esta legalización de la droga marihuana, como modo de probar en un país pequeño y aislado una manera de luchar contra el azote de la droga, que en Latinoamerica hace estragos. Le pasó las directivas completas, elaboradas por el State Department. No es en realidad la marihuana la más nociva -por definición ninguna droga psicoactiva pude ser buena, ahí está el alcohol, y el tabaco que no me dejan mentir, pero sus efectos nefastos no son tan horribles y destructivos como el de la Pasta Base y la Cocaína, la Heroína, etc Pero por algo se empieza. Esta propuesta, y los apoyos prometidos, les parecieron bien a la pareja presidencial, que tenía otras prioridades, otras chauchas que pelar y muy difíciles, la ley del aborto por ejemplo y lo dejaron para ya ahora. Por cierto, al médico Tabaré le pareció mal (y lo del aborto también, Tabaré cada vez parece más que fuera del Opus Dei) y cuando se lo contó Mujica salió barbotando que -¡están haciendo experimentos en ánima vili !  -cosa que Mujica que está un poco sordo no se lo entendió: ¿ya salió este con el viru-viru? dijo, y Topolansky se lo entendió bien, y no le gustó nada la comparación. ☼ Yo esto lo sé porque me lo ha contado fuente generalmente bien informada del Palacio de Gobierno, que siempre me bate la justa. En fin, esto era un bolazo que me contaban, y pasó dos años, y ahora se descolgaron con la gran noticia, y de todas las salidas en los diarios les pongo el artículo que salió este domingo en mi diario preferido.

Excitement, but anxiety too, as Uruguay sets liberal path with new cannabis law

The Observer, London, 3 Aug 2013

In the first country set to legalise the sale and production of marijuana, opinion is divided on the merits of the experiment

Porreros Orientales
Porreros Orientales

Visitors examine smoking paraphernalia during Uruguay’s second Cannabis Cup contest last month in Montevideo

Pero yo ya estaba enterado de antes, así que el lunes pasado bajé a Londres para entrevistar a  Julian Assange  el sospechoso batidor de los Wiki Leaks y que me confirmara o negara este fato. Una expedición para mi, no veas. Tengo que levantarme temprano, desde El Pueblo que el Tiempo Olvidó tomar un ómnibus hasta la estación de trenes en MK, y luego una hora hasta Euston Station. Y de ahí hasta Sloane Street donde está la embajada de Perú. [ Por cierto, ¿saben Uds que el Doctor Hans Sloane , la calle y la plaza Sloane Square llevan su nombre (el terreno era de ellos)  fue el que inventó el chocolate con leche? Un gran hombre, y fundador además del British Museum ] Todo sea por servir a mis fieles lectores. En la embajada de Perú por supuesto no me dejaron entrar ni hablar con el capo de WikiLeaks, y les pedí que le hicieran llegar una misiva en la que le pedía que confirmara o negara el fato este del Department of State,  de Hilary con Topolansky y la legalización del Cannabis. Que volvería a las 3 de la tarde, si me quería ver. El cholo de la recepción no me dio esperanza  ninguna, y me fui.

A la salida me pasó una cosa muy rara.

Bajo las escaleras de entrada, y una nube de chinas enanas con aspecto de estudiantes (o de ancianas de 70 años, con las chinas nunca se sabe) me rodean gritando cosas incomprensibles, ¡y me cagan a sacarme fotos! Nada que hacer, no las iba a agarrar a patadas en el culo delante de la policía. — Estas deben ser del espionaje hormiga este que hacen los chinos. Consiguen millones de datos chiquitos, y luego millones de chinitos los juntan en sus informes. Me fui a pasear, bien vigilado por las cámaras de CCTV que tienen los guiris por todas partes; luego de visitar el British, de pararme como siempre un buen rato en el semáforo a ver si el demonio que le habló a Leó Szilard me dice alguna cosa buena a mi

In London, where Southampton Row passes Russell Square, across from the British Museum in Bloomsbury, Leo Szilárd waited irritably one gray Depression morning for the stoplight to change. A trace of rain had fallen during the night; Tuesday, September 12, 1933, dawned cool, humid and dull. Drizzling rain would begin again in early afternoon. When Szilárd told the story later he never mentioned his destination that morning. He may have had none; he often walked to think. In any case another destination intervened. The stoplight changed to green. Szilárd stepped off the curb. As he crossed the street time cracked open before him and he saw a way to the future, death into the world and all our woes, the shape of things to come

–pero no me contó nada el daemon. Me fui a comer a un hindú, y tomar una cerveza y a las tres de la tarde estaba delante de la embajada, como Fierro. El cholo me dijo con muy mala cara que «Don Julián»  iba a recibirme, y me acompañó a un cuarto elegante, con altos ventanales y vista a un jardín interno. Assange es un tipo alto y bien plantado, y estaba con dos minas superbuenas.  No se sentaron, así podían mirarme de arriba abajo con esa estatura escandinava que tienen los tres. (Otro misterio de estos cosos.  Assange dice que es Australiano, pero tiene una pinta de Islandés lo mismo que las minas que estaban ahí). Empezó mal la cosa.  Assange puso mala cara, y me mostró documentos e imágenes de las cosas que he escrito de él, y de Snowden, desafortunadas todo sea la verdad son. Hasta chapurrea en español, lo había leído todo y me acusó de calumniarlos. — pelillos a la mar, Don Julián, -le dije yo, adoptando mi mejor aire a lo Inspector  Torrente. — a estos guiris y a los hombres sin cuello les falta gramática parda para entender su juego de Ud  –no me lo entendió nada, su castellano se desmoronaba. — A lo que vengo vengo Don, que si no no vendría, le dije. — ¿Puede Ud confirmar o desmentir que Hilary le propuso a Topolansky esto que ahora salta a los medios de comunicación, una primicia mundial lo de legalizar el cultivo y comercio de marihuana en Uruguay? Si me lo confirma lo publico en mi prestigioso blog. — ¿Y porqué tendría que hacerle yo ese favor, don Armando Bronca? (A la fresca, pensé. El guiri ha pisado el palito, ha otorgado que lo sabía!) — En honor a la verdad, a la justicia, a la transparencia y en alto servicio al público y a la humanidad, como Ud ha proclamado varias veces .  Mire don, que yo de esto no saco nada, ni fama siquiera, plata menos aún. Una de las conchitas que tiene el Julián le advirtió que  –este sospechoso, escéptico, incrédulo y calumniador seguro que vende a alguien esta información.  -Do not tell anything to him, Julian, sent him packing. — Si me dice quien me la compra la vendo, Señorita. Yo no sé porqué a las guiris las dices Señorita y se ponen más tiernas, se deben creer que señorita quiere decir virgencita o algo así. Cuestión que el Julian por sus huevos me confirmó ese plan experimental del State Department, me mostró diversos documentos en el ordenador, documentos  que me dijo Hilary le dio a Topolansky   -que no me dejó copiar nada– y tras un rato de amena conversación, ya roto el hielo me despedí muy contento. A la salida no estaban las chinitas, qué alivio. ☼ Así que ya ven Uds.  Con este apoyo por lo bajinis de los que mandan en el mundo  -Soros, ese rico que pone y quita gobiernos está de acuerdo y apoya este plan, como dice el artículo que copio- esta iniciativa uruguaya va por buen camino. ☼  Para saber más Pego el mejor artículo que salió en la prensa, con un comentario mio salió, porque el periodista vuelve con la matraca del país chiquito, tiny, insignificante, qué mentirosos que son los uruguayos !

Excitement, but anxiety too, as Uruguay sets liberal path with new cannabis law

The Observer, 3 Aug 2013    Uki Goni In the first country set to legalise the sale and production of marijuana, opinion is divided on the merits of the experiment The «weed brothers» have been turning away potential pot-buying customers from their tiny shop in downtown Montevideo quite a lot recently. «They come about three times a day to ask if we’re selling marijuana yet,» say Juan and Enrique Tubino. They’ve had to put up a sign stating: «We don’t sell marijuana.» It’s not just because the Tubino brothers keep their shop packed high with cannabis pipes, herb grinders and rolling paper – or because of the giant green hookah in the display window – that would-be customers are pouring in. The big excitement is because tiny Uruguay, a country so small that a single dialling code covers the whole territory, [ ←  ver mi comentario al final]  is about to become the first in the world to legalise the production and sale of marijuana. The Tubinos are hoping that their Yuyo Brothers shop (yuyo is Spanish for weed) can capitalise on its fame among Montevideo cannabis users to sell legally what goes into the pipes. «When people think of liberal drug laws, they tend to think of Holland, but actually it’s Uruguay that has always been at the forefront,» says Hannah Hetzer, a young dual-nationality Austrian-American from the Drug Policy Alliance (DPA) who landed in Uruguay in February to help local drug reform activists.

The DPA is a weighty US drug policy reform NGO that can boast tycoons such as George Soros and Richard Branson and celebrities including Sting on its board of directors.

«Uruguay never banned private consumption of any drug at all, including hard drugs such as heroin, even though their production and sale is banned,» says Hetzer. [ completamente falso ]  Los uruguayos son MUY mentirosos, mienten a cara de perro, y siempre batiendo su bombo. When Jose Mujica, Uruguay’s president, put his considerable political weight behind drug law reform in this small but ultra-liberal South American state, the DPA sent Hetzer to Montevideo to guide money from Soros’s Open Society Foundations into an unprecedented media campaign that helped to push the groundbreaking legal changes through the lower house of congress. Approval by the senate, where Mujica holds a strong majority, is expected soon. Other Latin American countries, such as Colombia and Bolivia, emboldened by Uruguay’s move and frustrated over their own failure to beat the powerful and bloody illegal cartels that control drug production in the region, will be looking carefully at how the reform fares.

The law will grant licences to private producers for large-scale cannabis farming and regulate the distribution of marijuana at controlled prices through pharmacies to registered consumers, all under the strict eye of the government. It will also allow home growing of up to six plants per household, and the creation of «cannabis clubs» in which home growers will be able to band together to produce marijuana in greater quantities as long as it is not for sale.

This is music to the ears of 27-year-old Enrique Tubino, the youngest of the two «weed brothers», who has been growing cannabis illegally at home for years. «Now we’ll be able to grow our weed in peace without having to hide. That’s going to be a big change, in our heads, in the concept, on the street. There’s going to be many colourful balconies now,» he laughs. Marijuana consumption seems to be high in Uruguay, especially among young people. «Surveys show that about 4.5% of the population smokes marijuana on a more or less regular basis,» says Sebastian Sabini, the 32-year-old bearded and sneaker-wearing congressman who drafted the new law. «I’ve never seen people smoking on the street as much as they do here,» says Hetzer. «It seems more widespread than anywhere else.» That and a long liberal tradition regarding matters such as a strict separation of church and state helped to ease the passage of the new law. When Argentina’s Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio became Pope Francis in February, Mujica decided not to fly to Rome for his inauguration. «Uruguay is a totally lay country,» explained Mujica at the time. «There is separation of church and state since the last century. Uruguay is different from the rest of Latin America regarding this. We have great respect, there is freedom of worship, but we are not believers.» Although approval for the reform is low, both critics and supporters agree that opposition is not virulent. «Someone scrawled ‘Sabini is a junkie’ on a city wall,» says Sabini. But that is meek protest even for distinctly civil Uruguay, where political opponents seldom quarrel too loudly. With a population of only 3.3 million, it is hard for politicians and activists not to know personally those on the other side of the ideological fence. Even though support for the reform is low among the population at large, there is no strong vocal opposition so far. «Polls placed those against the law at about 66% at the start of this year,» says Hetzer. «And even after our intense media campaign, that only dropped by about three points, but it is not an issue that could sway an election. It is not an important issue, even for those against it.» Opponents of the law disagree with technical aspects, but not the essence. «Smoking marijuana is legal in Uruguay, you can’t be arrested for smoking on the street; you could smoke here in front of the building of congress without any problem, even before this law,» says Javier García, a congressman who voted against the change. «I’m a doctor and I don’t agree with the law for medical reasons. I don’t believe that marijuana is not a stepping stone to harder drugs such as cocaine, as its proponents allege. I feel we just don’t have enough scientific research yet to back this law; there’s no international precedent. It raises the risk of drug tourism and consumption is already legal, so what’s the basis for it? Not individual freedom, because private consumption is already guaranteed.» Supporters and critics of the reform both see the ghost of American «imperialism» behind legalisation, on the one hand, and the war against drugs on the other. Sabini sees US support for the war on drugs in Latin America as a tool for dominance over weak nations. «The US provides the arms and we provide the dead,» he says. But García sees instead a new brand of «US imperialism» behind powerful NGOs such as the Drug Policy Alliance pumping dollars into Uruguay to support the new law. «They are using us as a testing ground for reforms that they wouldn’t dare test at home. They’re treating us like guinea pigs.» Hetzer sees it differently. «Uruguay is the perfect country to do this; it’s small, it’s got good institutions, very little corruption,» she says. «And this drug law reform follows in the same year that Uruguay legalised abortion and same-sex marriage. It’s part of a broader trend towards a more liberal society that’s taking place; it’s not just a single issue.» Despite the consensus, some aspects of the law remain contested. Small entrepreneurs such as the Tubino brothers are unhappy about only pharmacies so far being allowed to sell marijuana. «That’s giving too much power to the multinationals or anyone with big money, as they would be the only ones who could finance such a distribution system,» says Enrique Tubino. «There’s a rumour that tobacco companies are studying this, which would be the worst. Can you imagine?  The Green Marlboro!» But Sabini defends the decision to grant pharmacies a marijuana monopoly. «Pharmacies have more experience selling drugs for medicinal use,» he says. «They have nationwide reach, they have trained personnel, security precautions in place for handling important sums of money and a data system for prescriptions that can be adapted to the sale of marijuana only to registered users.» The Tubino brothers are not convinced. «We’ve been having offers from investors from Spain and Holland. Those are big tigers,» says Juan Tubino.

«We’d like the government to set up some protectionism to defend us Uruguayans against that. But if it doesn’t, we’ll just have to grow tough nails and fight against the tigers, too.»

gazon

04 August 2013

because tiny Uruguay, a country so small that a single dialling code covers the whole territory

Escuse me. Tiny Uruguay?  That tiny country ( 176,215 km2) is bigger in size than England (130,395 km2), bigger than Cuba (109,884 km2), Israel (20,770 / 20,072 km2) or Portugal (92,212 km2), Iceland (103,001 km2). In fact Uruguay is bigger in size than most European countries, it is about one-third the size of Spain or France. And currently it exports more meat and wheat than enormous Argentina. ☼ Otro comentario mio.  Un lector se burlaba del aspecto así como de los años sesenta de los pibes de la foto, hippies de cuando había hippies An airplane about to land in Montevideo, Uruguay. The captain advises the passengers to change the time in their wristwatches and such. – Please, turn all your clocks back, forty years ! —————————————————————————————————————– PS.  La noticia fue recibida con mucha atención por la prestigiosa revista inglesa New Scientist –poco conocida en Latinoamerica, pero en muchos aspectos superior al Scientific  American.

Uruguay vote moves the country towards legal cannabis

 02 August 2013  | 10 commentsUruguay looks set to become the first country to set up a legal market for cannabis, with laws described as a «cutting-edge experiment»

Could the US government be losing support in the global war on drugs? A year after some Latin American countries officially discussed alternatives to prohibition, Uruguay has moved to allow the production, sale and distribution of cannabis. The new legislation, which has made it through one house of parliament in Uruguay, has been described by President José Mujica as a «cutting-edge experiment«. If passed by the upper house, the laws will allow registered users to buy up to 40 grams a month from a pharmacist, grow up to six plants at home, or grow up to 99 plants as part of a «cannabis club» made up of between 15 and 45 members. Uruguay has seen increases in crime associated with illegal drugs, particularly cocaine. According to the US Department of State, the drug problem continues there despite «concerted and consistent government efforts to combat these trends», including increased arrests and drug seizures. Mujica says the legislation aims to bring an existing market into the «light of day» and stop it from «corrupting everything». «They are doing it for the same reason the US stopped alcohol prohibition [in the 1930s],» says David Nutt at Imperial College London. «To reduce organised crime and achieve tax revenue for the country.» The move comes hot on the heels of two US states legalising the production and distribution of cannabis and New Zealand creating a legal market for new designer drugs. Global drug prohibition is unravelling in front of us, says Alex Wodak, a doctor and drug and alcohol expert from Sydney, Australia. He says the moves in the states of Colorado and Washington, and now in Uruguay appear to breach the 1998 UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and maybe also the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, and will embolden other Latin American countries and other US States to consider similar moves. «All this is coming about because it is now inescapable that global drug prohibition has been ineffective, counter-productive and very expensive,» says Wodak. He notes that in Mexico alone, more than 60,000 people have been killed in an ongoing drug war, leading to popular doubts about prohibition. But don’t buy a ticket to Uruguay hoping to buy some legal weed. Only Uruguayans will be allowed to buy the stuff, part of an attempt to avoid attracting cannabis tourism. ☼  Un comentario científico interesante a este artículo  (que lo pongo acá, porque sólo se deja leer unos días por usuarios registrados nada más.

Recently I watched a TV interview to Italian journalist Roberto Saviano. He’s the author of the book «Gomorrah» from which a movie was made :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomorrah_%28film%29 He was in favor of liberalization of most drugs, having extensively researched the subject. The most extraordinary example he made to try to convey the scale of drug trafficking, was that if you had invested 1000 euro in 200x (don’t remember the exact one) in stocks, the best you could have done was a return of 60%, totaling you 1600 euro. The same money, invested in cocaine, would have returned you 186,000 euro. With this kind of money to invest, organized crime then buys into legitimate operations and expands its power. In a world where money is THE primary source of power, drug prohibition means relinquishing more and more of it into the hands of drug lords. ☼  Otro comentario, Europa está también corroída por las mafias y no digamos España, la mafia gobierna

The investments of the of the various Italian mafias are far reaching into Europe. Recently a restaurant was closed in Vienna after it was realized that it used names for its dishes that were really insults to Italian magistrates and police collaborators killed by the mafia :

http://unavitavagabonda.wordpress.com/2013/06/07/don-panino/ ☼ Un comentario mio Está claro que una exposición legal a la droga y su adquisición resulta en mayor consumo. Esto es indiscutible y comprobado: cuando se acabó con la Prohibición (del consumo de alcohol) en EEUU, el consumo ASCENDIÓ, como es de cajón.  Si puedes ir a la esquina o al supermercado a comprar cerveza, buena, evitas las molestias y peligros de ir al speak-easy y que te den veneno o te roben la cartera. Igualmente, si puedes comprar los canutos en la farmacia, a cierto precio quizás no un precio muy bajo, pero calidad garantizada, y evitas tener que tratar a la escoria de los camellos, bastante peligrosos de tratar. Otro aspecto es una ley económica que dice que la moneda barata desplaza a la moneda cara y la hace desaparecer de la circulación  –si Ud tiene moneda de cobre, o de plata, y puede cambiarla por una de oro, se queda la de oro, y así desaparecen en los tesoros. Igualmente si los porreros algo avispados cultivan de lo suyo ahora que les dejan, con ciertas limitaciones, o sea que colocarse les sale gratis o muy barato, no van a comprar de la pasta base que hasta los más tontos ya saben que mata, y resulta cara y peligrosa. El coloque de la marihuana y de la coca o pasta base sin embargo es muy distinto. La marihuana dicen que calma, la pasta base y la coca más pura, enloquece por lo que excita. Una alternativa a la coca, y alguna vez la he propuesto acá, es la droga africana llamada Khat, o Qat. La Catha edulis. Es una planta que se mastica, tiene una anfetamina natural poco peligrosa, ojo, inofensiva no es pero no es tan mala como la coca. . PS.  Viernes 9 Agosto 2013 Muchos ricos y personas famosas están detrás de esta iniciativa: Sting, el cantante Hannah Hetzer, norteamericana y coordinadora del Drug Policy Alliance Ariana Huffington, la editora del Huffington Post Les acusan de usar a Uruguay como laboratorio de pruebas. Por supuesto los elementos más reaccionarios de los partidos políticos uruguayos, que no hicieron nada en su momento para poner coto a esta plaga, están en contra.  Pero hay que tener en cuenta la mentalidad absolutamente en contra en Uruguay de todos, y especialmente de estos. Salen con la moralina, salen con la manía de la educación:  Los médicos y nurses se cuentan entre los más afectados por la drogadicción, y nadie está mejor preparado que ellos, ni mejor educado, ni sabe más del tema.  Y sin embargo, caen en la droga, muchos, muchas veces.

He has campaigned to end global hunger, fought to save the rainforest, and proclaimed the merits of lengthy tantric sex sessions. But the pop star Sting’s latest effort to improve the planet’s wellbeing has prompted claims of irresponsible «meddling» after he backed the world’s biggest plan to legalise marijuana.

Last week, the South American nation of Uruguay passed an historic bill in its lower parliament that will make it the first country to legalise both the sale and production of marijuana. The move comes after an intensive lobbying and media campaign brought by the Drug Policy Alliance, an influential American drug law reform organisation of which the former Police singer is a board member.
But while the move has the backing of Uruguay’s left-wing government, which believes it will reduce the amount of money spent on fighting drug trafficking, it has attracted strong criticism from the country’s opposition, who fear it will increase narcotic use and attract drug tourists from neighbouring states. According to a poll released last week, some 63 percent of Uruguayans are against the plan.
On Wednesday, Gerardo Amarilla, an MP for the conservative National Party who voted against the bill, said that Western celebrities should not be using Uruguay as a «laboratory» for drug reform policies.
«They shouldn’t be meddling in Uruguay,» said Mr Amarilla, who is also a member of the parliamentary addictions committee. «They should be lobbying in their own country because they’re not going to suffer the consequences here, the security and health problems. They’re out of context here. This is a test that could go wrong and harm a generation.»

 

Uruguay, a nation of three million, is one of a number of Latin and Central American countries that are now looking at legalisation and decriminalisation measures, principally in response to the crime problems generated by drug trafficking. In Mexico alone, an estimated 70,000 people have been killed in drug-related violence since 2006 as the government has attempted a crackdown on cocaine cartels. Critics, though, say the move is effectively a leap into the unknown, and claim there is as yet no hard evidence to prove that marijuana does not act as a gateway drug to cocaine and heroin. Last month, Argentinian-born Pope Francis, an influential voice in Latin America, also made his opposition clear during his visit Brazil. «A reduction in the spread and influence of drug addiction will not be achieved by a liberalisation of drug use, as is currently being proposed in various parts of Latin America,» he said during a visit to a crack addiction clinic in Rio. Instead, he claimed, it was necessary to confront more underlying problems, «educating young people in the values that build up life in society».

The Drug Policy Alliance is an influential non-governmental organisation that campaigns for the liberalisation of drug laws on a variety of public health, civil liberties and law-enforcement grounds. Its backers include lawyers, judges, surgeon generals, police chiefs and politicians from across the political spectrum, including Ariana Huffington, editor-in-chief of the Huffington Post, and George Shultz, former secretary of state to the late President Ronald Reagan. Sting, who sits as an honorary member of its international board along with Sir Richard Branson, has long advocated drug reform, saying money spent on law enforcement would be better used tackling problems such as poverty and global warming.

Last year, Sir Richard’s son, Sam, produced a documentary called Breaking The Taboo, narrated by Morgan Freeman, which aimed to champion drug reform in the same way that Al Gore’s film An Inconvenient Truth promoted climate change awareness. In February, the group sent its Americas co-ordinator, Hannah Hetzer, to Uruguay to help local activists campaign for the bill, under which licences will be given to cannabis farmers, and products sold through chemists to registered consumers. While Ms Hetzer says the alliance’s campaigning efforts changed public opinion polls by only a few percent, opponents claim the campaign played a pivotal role, and that it represented the very kind of American «cultural imperialism» that the liberal Left claims to disdain. «Without their support, the bill would not have had the same momentum,» said Mr Amarilla. «There are US-based NGOs that want to use Uruguay as a laboratory.» A spokesman for Sting declined to comment. .

Felicitaciones Uruguay por valiente decisión

.

La rica vida interior de los alcohólicos

 

O. Salon.com discute del Uruguay

http://www.salon.com/2013/08/24/uruguay_poised_to_become_first_country_to_regulate_pot_cultivation_partner/

— With the tiny Latin American country of Uruguay poised to become the first country on earth to regulate the cultivation and distribution of marijuana, legislators here are turning their minds to how to make the country’s grand experiment actually work.

As the conversation shifts from philosophical to practical, sticky business questions are arising: How do you set the price for a commodity that to date has only been available on the down-low? Should adults be allowed to provide pot to minors in their care? And, to some, the most terrifying question of all: What happens if there’s a reefer famine that affects production?

Interviews with top officials in the ruling Broad Front coalition and with foot soldiers of the grassroots campaign for legalization offered limited answers to these questions.

More often, the powers that be breeze past the most difficult questions. “The answers will come,” the nation’s drug czar, Julio Calzada, told GlobalPost. Still, the bill faces an easy run through Uruguay’s senate this fall. “We’re working out the details,” said the legislator, who co-authored the legalization bill.

It’s perhaps fair enough that lawmakers can’t provide precise answers. Uruguay is launching a progressive drug policy experiment that is unparalleled in its breadth, and it will be months, perhaps years, before residents here discover how the government’s pot plan has panned out.

We’ve identified some of the most important questions facing Uruguay’s government as it embarks on this ambitious project, and the possible answers.

1. Will people buy the government’s weed?

If the Regulation of Marijuana law passes, Uruguayan citizens will be able to get marijuana in one of three ways:

a) Grow it themselves.

b) Form a cannabis club or “collective” and get a license from the government to grow.

c ) Buy it from the government, probably from a pharmacy.

The plan to nationalize the growing and distribution of pot is the most radical of Uruguay’s ideas.

But it’s unclear just how important the government’s role as dealer will actually prove to be.

“In reality, most people will grow it themselves,” said Martín Márquez, a soft-spoken member of the youth wing of President Jose Mujica’s Movement of Popular Participation party. “Things won’t really change much for people like me.”

Sebastian Sabini, one of the two legislators who authored the legalization bill, said it is impossible to predict how many of the country’s estimated 200,000 marijuana users will actually buy the government’s pot.

People may well choose to grow their own, Sabini said, but as with alcohol or tobacco, they may also choose the neater option of walking to the store to pick up a packet of marijuana.

It will largely depend, he said, on the price and the quality of the product on offer.

2. How will the state compete with the narco-traffickers?

Sabini imagines a Uruguay where pot smokers can choose from a few pure varieties of marijuana on a shelf in their local pharmacy.

The cannabis will be grown organically on small farms, in keeping with Uruguay’s tradition of craft agriculture, he said. THC levels will be clearly marked, so, much like alcohol, consumers will be able to choose the toxicity of their product.

“It will be like choosing to drink a 5 percent alcohol beer or a 40 percent alcohol whisky,” Sabini said.

Sabini’s vision isn’t just a dream; it’s an economic necessity.

Jose Calzada, secretary of Uruguay’s National Drugs Board, said that for the country’s project to succeed, it’s imperative the government offer a better quality product than the marijuana currently available on the streets of Montevideo.

Also crucial, he said: government cannabis must be available at the same price or lower than poorer-quality illegal weed, most of which is imported from Paraguay.

Calzada is confident that the economics of large-scale pot growing will make sense.

He said two-thirds of the price of most drugs on the street in Uruguay today comes from the cost of smuggling the product into the country. Take away that pressure, and even with healthy taxes, tomorrow’s marijuana should be cheaper than it is today, he said.

But will it be better? Whether the Broad Front can produce high-quality herb at a competitive price remains to be seen.

3. What if there’s a marijuana famine?

Sabini acknowledged that the price of marijuana in Uruguay will likely fluctuate according to the size and quality of the government-sponsored harvests.

But he stressed that by diversifying cultivation among many different growers, supply should never be seriously impeded.

And the government could hedge against such fluctuations, he added, by putting large amounts of cannabis into storage — essentially creating a central bank of weed — that can be released onto the market when necessary.

4. Can I give my kid a toke?

It’s an inherent paradox of Uruguay’s proposed drug laws that the very people the legislation is aimed at protecting — impressionable teenagers who currently have to buy their drugs from dealers — still won’t be able to legally buy marijuana. The new paradigm forbids sales to those under 18 years old.

“Yeah, that’s a bit of a problem,” Sabini said, with a sheepish smile.

Teenagers will still have to get their marijuana the old-fashioned way, from dealers, or the same way they get their alcohol and cigarettes: from older friends or their parents.

While Uruguay has a more liberal approach to alcohol than the United States (it’s not uncommon to see young teenagers sipping wine at dinner with their parents here), the legal question of parents supplying weed is as-yet unanswered. In its current form, the law doesn’t address the question.

“The government can’t promote marijuana to children,” Sabini said. “Addiction is much more of a problem in younger people.”

So, will a father face hefty consequences for handing a spliff to his 16-year-old son? Or will pot cookies become the norm at teenage birthday parties in Uruguay?

File those questions under “to be figured out later.”

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PS. 24 Septiembre.  Soros apoya a Mujica en la iniciativa

 

George Soros viajará a Uruguay para apoyar la legalización de la marihuana

El presidente de Uruguay, José Mujica, se ha reunido en Nueva York con el inversor multimillonario George Soros, filántropo y partidario de las causas políticas liberales, que le ha confirmado una visita a Uruguay para apoyar el proceso de legalización de la marihuana, ya que considera al país como un «laboratorio» cuyo ejemplo puede ser útil al mundo.

«Somos conscientes de que Uruguay va a ser un laboratorio y si la experiencia consigue tener éxito, puede servir al mundo. Todo el mundo va a estar mirando al país», ha indicado Soros a Mujica. «Soros insiste en que la política general que se lleva con respecto al narcotráfico no da resultado», ha señalado Mujica, tras su encuentro con el multimillonario, y ha añadido que tiene que haber un «cambio conceptual» en Estados Unidos.

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Por Armando

3 comentarios en «Cuando Hilary Clinton le ordenó a Lucía Topolansky lo de la Marihuana»
  1. Apreciando de trabajo usted pone en su sitio de bitácora y detallada información que presente Oferta .
    Es increíble agradabl venir a través de un blog
    de ​​vez en cuando que no es lo mismo deseados refrito de material .

    Excelente ver ! He salvado marcado su sitio y
    estoy incluyendo añadiendo sus fees RSS a mi cuenta de Google .

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  2. Muchas gracias !

    En realidad hay muchas personas que dicen lo mismo, somos una especie de Colegio Invisible, digamos de forma intelectual ¡o una especie de secta!

  3. Si el futuro es tan negro como se dice en este blog y las élites lo saben es posible que legalicen la «maría» para que la gente esté aborregada, fumada, drogada… y así no sufra tanto con el colapso.

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